Central Bank of Nigeria Implements New Policies to Ease Foreign Exchange Challenges

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has taken significant steps to alleviate the difficulties faced by Nigerians in accessing foreign exchange. The new policies aim to enhance the availability of foreign currency and facilitate transactions for personal and business travel, medical expenses, and school fees. Let’s delve into the key measures implemented by the CBN.

Addressing Travel Allowances 

In a bid to cater to the needs of travelers, both for personal and business purposes, the CBN will provide commercial banks with additional foreign exchange. These funds will be allocated based on the banks’ demand and will be sold to customers who meet the required documentation criteria. This initiative aims to ensure smoother foreign exchange transactions for individuals embarking on trips.

Simplifying School Fees and Medical Bills 

The CBN recognizes the financial obligations associated with education and healthcare. To ease the burden on parents, guardians, and sponsors, the CBN will facilitate direct payments of school fees and medical bills through commercial banks. This streamlined process will contribute to timely and hassle-free transactions, ensuring that genuine needs are met efficiently.

Shorter Forward Sales Tenor 

To further enhance accessibility to foreign exchange, the CBN has significantly reduced the tenor of forward sales. Previously set at a maximum of 180 days, the new limit will not exceed 60 days from the transaction date. This adjustment allows for quicker availability of foreign currency, benefiting businesses and individuals alike.

Convenient FX Sales at Airports

To provide greater convenience for travelers, the CBN has instructed banks to establish foreign exchange retail outlets at major airports. This move aims to ensure competitive exchange rates and make foreign currency transactions more accessible and efficient for airport customers.

Improving FX Market Efficiency:

The CBN is committed to maintaining confidence in the foreign exchange market. It has outlined several initiatives to achieve this goal:

  • Clearing unfilled orders in the interbank foreign exchange market.
  • Removing allocation/utilization rules imposed on commercial banks, while prioritizing foreign exchange provision to the manufacturing sector.
  • Implementing an intervention program to support the interbank market and ensure sufficient liquidity for efficient foreign exchange transactions.
  • Encouraging the activation of FX Order-Book systems by FMDQ and accelerating the onboarding of FX clients on the FX Relationship Systems to enhance market transparency.


The Central Bank of Nigeria’s recent policy actions demonstrate its commitment to addressing the challenges faced by Nigerians in obtaining foreign exchange. By increasing availability, streamlining processes, and prioritizing efficiency, these measures are expected to facilitate smoother transactions for travel, education, medical needs, and more. As the CBN fosters a transparent, liquid, and efficient foreign exchange market, it warns against unethical practices and encourages market participants to work together in preserving external reserves, maintaining financial stability, and driving economic growth for the benefit of all Nigerians.